Greenland Kayak Association
Note -- this document was translated into English for the 2000 Championship, the first time the competition was opened to foreigners. The title of the original document is Qaannamik Unamminermi Malittarisassat. There have been some rule changes since this document was first approved. I have included some of the rule changes, as well as my comments in square brackets. Where necessary I have modified the original translation for clarity, grammar and spelling. Greg Stamer
Part 1. General overall rules.
These rules are in force for members in organizations arranging competitions of kayak events and for the members in the National Kayak League (Qaannat Kattuffiat).
Only for local competitions organized by individual Qajaq Clubs is it permissible to make looser rules than described in these pages.
The National Kayak League, a town or a club associated with the
A. Regional championships or competitions with participation from other countries.
Such arrangements are open for all regional participants and the participants are obligated to follow the rules set up in the letters of invitation, which may contain one or more events. The rules must agree with the rules described in these pages.
B. National Championships or League Championships.
Participants in the National Championships and League Championships must be members of clubs affiliated with the National Kayak League.
The participants must be introduced and presented by the individual kayak-clubs and then be approved by the members of the Executive Council of the National Kayak League.
National Championships and League Championships can be arranged within the following disciplines (events):
1.1. MEN, 15-19, 20-34, 35-49, 50 and above.
1.2. WOMEN, 15-19, 20-34, 35 and above; Adolescents, 13-14 years old.
1.3. Children, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12 years old.
The distances should be decided at the city and location, where the competitions are held.
CAPSIZE MANEUVERS TO PERFORM:
All of the rolling maneuvers shall be performed on both Sides [G.S. does not apply to walrus pull and paddling upside-down].
Less points = If the maneuver is not done perfectly, then the roll has to be carried out one more time
More points = If the maneuver is done perfectly and without problems on the first attempt
If more than one participants share the same final score, the time taken to perform the rolls will be used to rank the participants.
[GS: Starting in 2002, each participant has a time limit of 30 minutes to perform as many techniques as possible].
Upside Down Paddling: You must travel 3 meters to score 1 point, thereafter 1 point is awarded for each 2 meters traveled.
Walrus Pull: When participant is pulled (from the side), 5 adults should pull together and the rope used to pull should be 15 meters long.
4. GAMES USING A HARPOON-LINE (Rope Gymnastics):
[G.S. the same list in Greenlandic, from the original document appears below. The Qaannat Kattuffiat has produced an instructional tape of the rope maneuvers, due for release in 2003. The tape is organized by the Greenlandic terms for the maneuvers.]
C. Open championships or championships for invited participants.
These can be held on the National Kayak League's approval and the following are allowed to attend: foreign kayak-participants and Greenlandic kayak-participants and the rules will be the those mentioned in the invitation letter to the championships. The letter should contain clear explanations/instructions for the planned competition.
D. LOCAL CHAMPIONSHIPS.
Local competitions are only permitted for kayak-participants living permanently in the concerned place and the rules to these competitions should be approved by the National Kayak League.
E. CHAMPIONSHIPS WITHIN THE CLUB.
The club-championships are only permitted for the members of the club who have paid their year-subscription. It is allowed, that different clubs join each other and arrange championships together. The disciplines included in the championships have to be the disciplines approved by the National League.
The program for the competition shall clearly state the different competition disciplines and how the ages will be divided. The age-groups can be divided following the rules and the additions to the rules (among others, see § 2 D and E). With regard to senior participants, it is allowed to divide these into different groups based on their individual abilities.
In connection with Greenland Championships/National League Championships it is allowed to form a Group B, but members, who are put in the Group B, cannot be declared National Champions. If a Group B has been formed, these competitions then should be held, without disturbing the "real" championships. [G.S. Group B is a "second-string" team].
Only members of clubs, which are members of the National League, are allowed to participate, unless the clubs have made special rules, in which they make exceptions and allow others to participate.
A member shall represent only one club within a year, except during special occasions, allowing the member to represent an another club within a year. Such a change has to be approved by the National League before effectuation. The individual members are obligated to secure their own individual life-insurance.
The different competition-disciplines are set up for the following participants in the competitions:
Girls and boys: 4-6 years, 7-9, 10-12 and 13-14 years. Young /junior girls and boys 15-19 years old.
Women and men: 20-34 years old.
Older women: 35 years or more
Older men: 35-49 years old.
Senior men: 50 years or more.
In accordance with the rules from the National League, the results from the competitions for women and men, 20-34 years old, should be calculated in accordance with § 30 in the said set of rules and the participants who get the most points of all, should be declared the winners in the different competitions.
The Greenland Sports-Federation (GIF), will present a "golden harpoon award " to the first place finishers among the 20-34 year old age groups. [G.S. applies only to Greenlandic participants].
It is possible to get special permission to compete in the 20-34 year age group, by participants outside of that age group.
Children and women can be divided ito different age-groups and the disciplines can be adjusted, so they fit the participant's capabilities. This can only be realized, when the arrangers and the National League work closely together and changes should be discussed intensively with the different clubs before permission is given. If competition-rules are changed, the National League is obligated - in written form - either to inform the member clubs about the change or do such by forming supplements to the existing rules or by making changes in the rules.
The National Kayak League has no specific rules regarding members, who carry documentation by medical doctors on physical-and- mental diseases, but the member clubs are advised to watch out and do not allow people with medical diseases to be active members in the kayak-clubs.
Arrangers of kayak-competitions can be permitted, if they apply in written form to the National League, or individuals can be appointed by the National League to arrange competitions.
Invitations to attend competitions can be announced by advertising in newspapers or by sending written invitations to the different clubs to send participants among their members. Invitation-letters to attend the National Championships have to be approved by the National League, before they are distributed. [G.S. an example invitation letter, from Nuuk, 2000].
If no specific deals have been made, regarding possibilities for individual invitations, then invitations for foreigners to attend has to be sent through the National League. The invitation letter should carefully indicate the title of the competition that the invitation concerns.
Other points to be included in an invitation-letter.
If an invitation-letter does not contain information about where and when start-numbers for the participants will be delivered, and dates/ times the competitions will be held, where and when the prizes will be distributed etc., then this information should be announced clearly in other ways.
Applications for participation are usually sent through/by the individual clubs for the individual applicants for participation to the arrangers in good time before the competitions will take place. In special cases, such as when weather turns bad, it is allowed that the arrangers make acceptable changes in the schedule, but this can only be effectuated after having received approval from the heads of the planned arrangement. The applications should contain - as minimum - following points:
For the team relay-races, it is not necessary to list the names of the individuals on the team. In such cases, it is only necessary to provide how many teams the club will field. But generally - due to the printing of programs etc. - it will be a good thing to supply the names as early as possible.
If it is required, that an attendance-fee (starting-fee) shall be paid, it is usual procedure that the payment is forwarded along with the list of participants applied for. The National Kayak League is allowed to set up upper-limits for fees. [G.S. foreigners have been allowed to pay ~$250.00 USD for one week of lodging and meals.]
Startlists [G.S. competition starting order among participants] are usually formed by drawing lots. Only participants who are signed up correctly and in time for the competition will be included in the pool of names drawn.
Participants who have signed up late but have been allowed to compete in the competition, shall not have any advantages, and should start as the first ones or the last ones in the competition. This decision should be made by the arranging committee.
Seedning can be used in the disciplines in § 2 A and B.
Seedning should be done by the arranging committee in accordance with rules in force or by forming new rules to be in force.
[G.S. I don't know what the term "seedning" is intended to mean].
In regional competitions or in competitions where limited number of clubs are attending, reserves/substitutes can be signed up until an hour before the drawing of lots takes place. This procedure can be effectuated if an original participant has to cancel due to illness.
If the reserve/substitute is of the same qualification-category as the one he/she substitutes, he/she will take over his/her number, but if the reserve/substitute is not of the same qualification-category, he/she will be considered/treated as a participant who has signed up late.
If possible, a printed schedule should be produced - if not - as
The following information should be mentioned:
If two participants or more have the same point totals, or the same time, then they have to be ranked equally and get the same award.
Challenge Cups can only be produced only if permission has been given by the National Kayak League.
The Greenland Sports-Federation (GIF) gives "gold harpoon" awards to the first place finishers in the different disciplines for the 20-34 age groups for men and women [G.S. This applies to Greenlanders only].
These should be announced as soon as possible after the different events.
If an official in a competition acts or makes decisions that violate the rules contained in this document, a complaint in written form should be delivered to the arranging committee as soon as possible, and not later than an hour after the last participant in the competition has finished.
On special occasions - on decision by the National League - complaints can be accepted for consideration, even if the time limit has been exceeded.
Complaints delivered in accordance with the rules in force, should be dealt with as soon as possible by the heads of the arranging committee.
Individuals affected by the complaints should be given a chance to explain themselves before any decision on the complaint is taken.
The arranging committee can change their decision, after extra hearings, if they judge, that their first decision was not been fully correct.
If the arranging committee holds firm on its decision, further complaints have to be directed to the National Kayak League's decision and complaints committee as directed in accordance with § 2 A and B has to be forwarded directly to the Executive Committee of the National Kayak League.
A participant in kayak-competitions has to be disqualified, if:
If any participant has done any alleged incorrect acts beyond the limits drawn up here, the level of incorrect act has to be measured individually and a decision to disqualify the person or not, has to be considered.
A disqualification of a single person in a team affects the whole team. In a relay race, a whole team has to be stopped, if one of the participants in the team has paddled a longer distance than permitted.
The National League can provide guidelines on this issue, and then the arranging-committee can reimburse documented costs in accordance with the set rules for participants, referees and for the officials.
Members of the arranging committees, officials and all the participants in the competitions are obligated to follow the special rules set up by the arranging committee and the executive committee.
In cases of doubt in connection with this set of rules, the interpretation by the executive committee in the National Kayak League will be in force. Also cases of doubt which come from occasions outside these sets of rules shall be solved by the executive committee.
Kayak competitions should be organized via:
The organizing committee shall be appointed or hired by the club or by the National League to do all the arranging work which is outside the technical grounds, like invitations, promotions/advertising, prices, registration, accommodations, drawing lots, forming of a schedule and printing of schedule, ticket sales, presentation of awards, hiring of a doctor to the competitions etc. If there is no doctor at the competition area, it should be arranged, so a doctor can be reached immediately by phone or by radio. First Aid equipment should be available where the competitions take place.
Special assisting staff-members and press-assistance should be appointed by the organizing committee if needed.
The committee is responsible to register results, to do the accounting, to control information out to the public etc., and also the committee is responsible to provide the necessary number of referees for the competitions.
A Competition-Committee should be hired by the Organizing Committee and should be formed consisting of following members:
The Competition Chief is Chairman for the Competition Committee and he is responsible supervisor for the assisting staff.
A Controlling Committee should consist of following members:
In the Greenland Championships/National League Championships and in other bigger championships, The National Kayak League is allowed to appoint people to work with the technical staff and appoint members to the Controlling Committee.
In connection with Greenland Championships the National Kayak League has to have a representative on the Controlling Committee. This representative will be the official representative for the National League.
The representative on the Technical Committee, who can be appointed according to § 26, is mandated and obligated to participate on the committee to secure that the technical part of the arrangements run smoothly.
The representative in the technical committee must not be a member of the arranging club.
This committee is composed of the Chief of the Competitions, the Chief constructor of the paddling route, the chairman of the club, the chief of the starter-team and the chief of the staff at the arrival/goal area.
The Judging Committee takes care of and makes decisions about questions and complaints and this committee is mandated to make decisions on questions which can not be directly solved in accordance with the set of rules found in this document.
IN FORCE FOR ALL:
Among participating adults, both men and women, 20 - 34 years old, the one with the highest sum of points should be appointed and addressed as "The Great Kayaker".
The following point system should be used:
No.1 = 21 points, no. 2 = 18 points, no. 3 = 15 points, no. 4 = 12 points, no. 5 = 9 points, no. 6 = 8 points, no. 7 = 7 points, no. 8 = 6 points etc.
To the competitions mentioned in § 2 A and B, distances have to be measured. Alternately it is allowed to use a topographical map to measure distances. Every 5th kilometer should be marked and the last 5 kilometers should be marked for each kilometer and these markings should be visible to the paddling competitors.
The routes should be marked in a way so the participants cannot be in doubt, which way to go.
Floating devices with narrow flags shall be used to mark a route. Difficult passages in the route should be marked extraordinary clear or officials should be placed in such locations.
The start and finish area should be one and the same and should be marked very clearly.
In distances longer than 10 kilometers, for very 5th kilometer, there should be a supply-service unit, where the competitors can have, cacao etc., but nothing with alcoholic content.
The participants in the paddling competitions should be given a chance to examine/test the route before the competition. But in special circumstances the arranging committee can deny the participants to study the route before the competition or they can set a time limit for an examination or direct that only a part of the route will be allowed to be examined/tested.
The participants of a paddling competition can be started all together at the same time or they can be started individually in a row with half a minute between them.
The participants in a paddling discipline should maneuver their kayak so that their paddle [G.S. I was told my torso] is even with the starting line.
The starter shall inform/alert the participants 10 seconds before the start goes. When only 5 seconds left, he should count backwards: 5 - 4 - 3 - 2 - 1 - GO! [G.S. The counting is done in Danish.]
If such occurs, the start should be canceled and started up again. The time-control begins from when the start is first called, with no consideration about delays etc.
A participant, who comes too late to a start, should be allowed to attend anyway, but his time then has to be measured individually.
If the Control Committee reasons, that the tardiness is caused by illness etc. (legal reason) the participant then can start later with a new number.
A participant, who starts late, must not disturb the competitors who started on time.
The finish will be registered (timed), when the participant's body reaches the finish-line.
When a participant is close to the arrival-area, the his/her elasped minutes should be relayed to the record keepers, and the elaspsed seconds should be relayed after the participants body reaches the finish-line, see § 41.
The time registered, and the participants start number, should be given to the calculating- team.
At the same time, there should be a formula that describes how the participants are ranked from their results and the ranking should be done forthrunning [G.S. ?]. The written results then should be delivered to the chief of the calculating team.
If it has been decided that kayaks should be marked individually, this must be done before the start of an event.
If a decision has been made, that kayaks should be marked, then it is the individual participant's obligation and responsibility to go to the marking team and get his/her kayak marked. The participants are individually responsible to follow the time schedule.
The participants in the paddling competitions are obligated to follow the set routes and go through all the posts set on the route.
The participants in the paddling competitions are only allowed to use traditional paddles.
The participants are allowed to eat and drink their own supplies during a competition. It is allowed for the participants - during the race - to receive information on their results and placement. There will also be official "informants" posted along the route.
If a participant drops out of a race, he/she should inform an official about this as soon as possible. But it is preferable that a participant returns to the official start-area to inform the officials.
If any participant has seen problems of any kind or spoken with anybody with problem(s) on his way, he should make this known to the first official he/she encounters.
In competitions where paddling is combined with portaging, the carrying technique should be carried out in accordance with the given instructions. It is not allowed to carry the kayak at loin level. (It has to be carried on the top of the head) [G.S. place your paddle into the cockpit, toward the bow, with one blade filling the cockpit. This acts as a shoulder rest. Carry the kayak stern-first for balance. Some competitors wear a headband to prevent forehead abrasion with the cockpit coaming].
SPECIAL RULES IN FORCE FOR TEAM-PADDLING
The format of the team-paddling competition is similar to the individual competitions, which have been described earlier. To ensure that relays/rolls are being done in accordance with the rules, a special official has to be provided to help with timekeeping. (See § 48).
In competitions like the ones mentioned in § 2, the distances of the route should be set in accordance with the rules/principles set up by the National Kayak League.
At the starting line, the competitors should place themselves in the order of their numbers from left to right. When ranking has been set by drawing lots, then highest ranking competitors should be placed in the middle of the starting participants.
The relay-area in the team-competitions should be marked and range 20 - 30 meters.
The width of the "relay"-area should be wide enough, so that the "hand-off" from one team member to the next can be done without any problems, even at high speeds.
The hand-off has to be effectuated within the area reserved. The one arriving should push the stern of the team member's kayak or touch his/her kayak with his/her paddle. When it is announced that a team-competitor is on his way the next paddler should make himself ready for the relay.
If a hand-off is done incorrectly, both paddlers should be called back to the hand-off area and repeat their hand-off.
The relay official will supervise that hand-offs are done correctly.
The paddlers to initiate the first leg of the relay race must start at the same time. The start should be signaled with a flag or by gunshot. If one competitor starts too early the start should be repeated.
Competitors are ranked by their time. If two or more participants arrive at the same time, they will be ranked equally.
When a paddler arrives in the team-competition, his/her time should be registered, when he/she reaches the first "line" in the relay area. This is also counted as the starting time for the next team member in the relay.
It is up to each relay team to provide the names of the individuals on the team, substitutes included, to the chief competition officials. This should be done at least half an hour before the competition begins.
The team coach is required to decide the order in which the team members should start. It is OK, if the decided order is provided to the officials just before the competition begins.
Each team member can participate in only one leg of the race.
The rules for paddling competitions are in force here as well. (See § 44).
Rolling should be run in accordance with § 2 part 2.
If it has been informed by the officials to do so, the kayaks should be marked before they are being used in competition.
The competitions should be carried out in accordance with the set rules in § 2 part 2.
To be noticed:
See § 54 from A to E.
§ 55 should be followed with the following details:
If it has been informed by the officials to do so, kayaks should be marked before they are used in competition.
§ 57 should be in force and be followed.
Harpooning competitions should be carried out in accordance with § 2 part 3.
These should be carried out in accordance with § 2 part 4.
These sets of rules were approved by the representatives to the member clubs and by the executive council of the National Kayak League.
Sisimiut: July 1989.
The changes were approved: In Sisimiut on august 2nd, 1995.
FOLLOWING REPRESENTATIVES ATTENDED:
SIGNATURES BY MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL:
Chairman: (signed by Kaleraq Bech)